International Journal of Social Policy & Education

ISSN 2689-4998 (print), 2689-5013 (online)

Malcolm X’s Leadership at the Crossroads of Race, Politics and Economics for African Americans in the 1960s

Andrew P. Smallwood


This essay explores Malcolm X’s leadership through his political and economic examinations and proscriptions for African Americans via his public statements and writings. This work builds on previous scholarly work about Malcolm X as a major historical figure of the late 20th century at the nexus of his unique role as organizational leader to uncover his political and economic ideas as he sought to address the negative conditions facing African Americans in their communities during the Civil Right era.