International Journal of Social Policy & Education

ISSN 2689-4998 (print), 2689-5013 (online)

DOI: 10.61494/ijspe

Academic Stress in Kindergarten

Douglas Bell, Ph.D & Ethel King-McKenzie, Ph.D.


Kindergartens are the oldest formal settings for early childhood education in the United States. Every state now has kindergarten as a part of its public education program. Historically, teachers of kindergarten had to receive formal training in early childhood principles and practices. Over time, teacher preparation requirements shifted and permit elementary trained teachers to teach kindergarten classrooms. This shift in teacher preparation, combined with high stakes standards-based education, has had an impact on instructional delivery and programming. This instructional delivery and programming an impact on the stress levels of the children.